Interesting report was issued recently by US National Science Board which is viewed as “the gold standard” on the state of science and engineering in the United States and other countries (smile here). This report, Science and Engineering Indicators 2014, is important reading for anyone interested in STEM topics, including education, workforce, national and international R&D trends, academic R&D, the global knowledge and technology marketplace, public attitudes and understanding, and state performance.
Simply it shows us where innovations will come from in long term.
Interesting facts are the following:
1. Since 2001, the share of the world’s R&D performed in the U.S. and Europe has decreased, respectively, from 37 percent to 30 percent and from 26 percent to 22 percent.
2. In this same time period, the share of worldwide R&D performed by Asian countries grew from 25 percent to 34 percent. China led the Asian expansion, with its global share growing from just 4 percent to 15 percent during this period.
3. Russia. As always controversary. We increased the R&D budget in 10 times reaching $10 not including military R&D. But in 1995 there was 10 science workers per 1000, in 2011 this indicator was 6 per 1000. We are still loosing our brains.
4. 33K PhD appeared in US in STEM in 2010, 31K in China, 16K in Russia, 12K in Germany.
Authors conclude, “The United States remains the world’s leader in science and technology,” said Ray Bowen, NSB member and chairman of its Committee on Science and Engineering Indicators, which oversees development of the report. “But there are numerous indicators showing how rapidly the world is changing and how other nations are challenging our predominance. As other countries focus on increasing their innovation capacities, we can ill afford to stand still. We now face a competitive environment undreamed of just a generation ago,” said Bowen, visiting distinguished professor, Rice University and president emeritus of Texas A&M University.
Data, report and presentations could be found here:
Please also view the presentation compiled by me.